E-ISSN 2636-834X
 

Original Research 


The Effect of Marital Adjustment and Fear of COVID-19 on Pregnancy Distress: A Cross-sectional Study in a Pregnancy Sample in Turkey

Gökçen Erdoğan, Bahadır Geniş, Nermin Gürhan, Medine Koç, Burak Şirin.

Abstract
Aim: We aimed to investigate the effects of COVID-19 related fears and marital adjustment on distress in pregnant women.
Materials and Methods: This study is a cross-sectional descriptive study. The sample of the study consisted of 161 pregnant women who were followed up in a private hospital in Ankara between May and September 2020. Sociodemographic data form, Fear of COVID-19 Scale, Tilburg Pregnancy Distress Scale (TPDS), and Marital Adjustment Scale (MAS) were used in the study.
Results: The mean age of the pregnant women in the sample was 29.64±4.47 years. While the rate of chronic disease was 8.7% (n=14), the rate of psychiatric disease was 2.5% (n=4). 7.5% (n=12) of the sample described their current pregnancy as unwanted pregnancy. The negative affect sub-dimension scores of TPDS were predicted by the Fear of COVID-19 Scale score (β=0.473, p<0.001) and the desired state of pregnancy (β=0.147, p=0.036). The total score of the Marital Adjustment Scale (β=0.480, p<0.001), the desirability of pregnancy (β = -0.253, p<0.001), and the total scores of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (β=0.239, p<0.001) predicted the sub-dimension score of partner involvement.
Conclusion: One of the important sources of distress in pregnant women is fear of COVID-19. Fear of COVID-19 creates negative psychological symptoms in pregnant women as well as increasing partner involvement. This result is remarkable. Further studies are needed to investigate the positive or negative effects of COVID-19 on partner involvement.

Key words: COVID-19, distress, marital adjustment, pregnancy, stress


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Gökçen Erdoğan| Bahadır Geniş| Nermin Gürhan| Medine Koç| Burak Şirin. The Effect of Marital Adjustment and Fear of COVID-19 on Pregnancy Distress: A Cross-sectional Study in a Pregnancy Sample in Turkey. PBS. 2021; 11(3): 175-180. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210322064056


Web Style

Gökçen Erdoğan| Bahadır Geniş| Nermin Gürhan| Medine Koç| Burak Şirin. The Effect of Marital Adjustment and Fear of COVID-19 on Pregnancy Distress: A Cross-sectional Study in a Pregnancy Sample in Turkey. http://www.pbsciences.org/?mno=66572 [Access: September 27, 2021]. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210322064056


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Gökçen Erdoğan| Bahadır Geniş| Nermin Gürhan| Medine Koç| Burak Şirin. The Effect of Marital Adjustment and Fear of COVID-19 on Pregnancy Distress: A Cross-sectional Study in a Pregnancy Sample in Turkey. PBS. 2021; 11(3): 175-180. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210322064056



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Gökçen Erdoğan| Bahadır Geniş| Nermin Gürhan| Medine Koç| Burak Şirin. The Effect of Marital Adjustment and Fear of COVID-19 on Pregnancy Distress: A Cross-sectional Study in a Pregnancy Sample in Turkey. PBS. (2021), [cited September 27, 2021]; 11(3): 175-180. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210322064056



Harvard Style

Gökçen Erdoğan| Bahadır Geniş| Nermin Gürhan| Medine Koç| Burak Şirin (2021) The Effect of Marital Adjustment and Fear of COVID-19 on Pregnancy Distress: A Cross-sectional Study in a Pregnancy Sample in Turkey. PBS, 11 (3), 175-180. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210322064056



Turabian Style

Gökçen Erdoğan| Bahadır Geniş| Nermin Gürhan| Medine Koç| Burak Şirin. 2021. The Effect of Marital Adjustment and Fear of COVID-19 on Pregnancy Distress: A Cross-sectional Study in a Pregnancy Sample in Turkey. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 11 (3), 175-180. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210322064056



Chicago Style

Gökçen Erdoğan| Bahadır Geniş| Nermin Gürhan| Medine Koç| Burak Şirin. "The Effect of Marital Adjustment and Fear of COVID-19 on Pregnancy Distress: A Cross-sectional Study in a Pregnancy Sample in Turkey." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 11 (2021), 175-180. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210322064056



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Gökçen Erdoğan| Bahadır Geniş| Nermin Gürhan| Medine Koç| Burak Şirin. "The Effect of Marital Adjustment and Fear of COVID-19 on Pregnancy Distress: A Cross-sectional Study in a Pregnancy Sample in Turkey." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 11.3 (2021), 175-180. Print. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210322064056



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Gökçen Erdoğan| Bahadır Geniş| Nermin Gürhan| Medine Koç| Burak Şirin (2021) The Effect of Marital Adjustment and Fear of COVID-19 on Pregnancy Distress: A Cross-sectional Study in a Pregnancy Sample in Turkey. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 11 (3), 175-180. doi:10.5455/PBS.20210322064056