Article Type: Original Articles
Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder in Patients Attending Remedial Treatment Due to Substance Use Disorder in Adiyaman University Training and Research Hospital
Murat Eren Ozen, Mehmet Hamdi Orum, Aysun Kalenderoglu, Murad Atmaca
Aim: Substance use disorder (SUD) is a serious public health problem. Attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder associated with the onset and prognosis of the SUD. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of ADHD in patients who were referred to a university hospital due to SUD.

Method: The records of 231 psychoactive substance use patients who admitted to Adiyaman University Training and Research Hospital between 2015 and 2017 were retrospectively reviewed and the prevalence of ADHD according to the DSM-5 were examined among the patients diagnosed with SUD per DSM-5.

Findings: Psychiatric disorders such as mood disorder. mood disorder. anxiety disorder and psychotic disorder were seen in 75.33% of the patients. Overall. 32.47% of all SUD patients had a diagnosis of ADHD according to DSM-5 diagnostic criteria.

Discussion: ADHD was present in 3 out of every 10 people with an SUD. The clarification of the relationship between ADHD and the SUD and the determination of the conditions affecting this relationship will provide significant contributions to this field of study. This data should be provided with detailed statistics and should be supplemented by other studies with fewer limitations.

Key words: Attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder, addiction, comorbidity, psychoactive substance
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 2018;8(2):57-62
REFERENCES
1.Orum MH, Kustepe MZ, Kara MZ, Dumlupinar E, Egilmez OB, Ozen ME, Kalenderoglu A. Addiction profiles of patients with substance dependency living in Adiyaman province. Medicine Science 2018. https://doi.org/10.5455/medscience.2018.07.8752.

2.United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. World Drug Report 2016 (United Nations publication. Sales No. E.16.XI.7), 2016.

3.http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/global_alcohol_report/msbgsruprofiles.pdf.

4.Saavedra-Castillo A. Comorbidity in substance dependence. Psychoactive 2001;19:63-103.

5.Filomeno A. Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity in the last four and a half decades in Peru. Current problems and solutions. Rev Med Hered. 2006;17(3):119-21.

6.Tirado-Hurtado BC, Salirrosas-Alegría C, Armas-Fava L, Asenjo-Pérez. Some of the factors related to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in children of school age in the district of Trujillo. Peru. Rev Neuropsiquiatr 2012;75(3):77-84.

7.Schilling L, Rosa F. Epidemiological study on symptoms of Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder and Behavior Disorders in public schools of Florianopolis / SC using the EDAH. Rev Bras Psiquiatr 2004;26(3):150-5.

8.Cornejo JW, Osío O, Sánchez Y, Carrizosa A. Prevalence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in Colombian children and adolescents. Rev Neurol 2005;40(12):716-22.

9.Kessler R, Adler L, Barkley R, Biederman J, Conners CK, Demler O, Faraone S. et al. The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD in the United States: Results from the national comorbidity survey replication. Am J Psychiatry 2006;163:716-23.

10.van Emmerik-van Oortmerssen K, van de Glind G, van den Brink W, Smit F, Crunelle CL, Swets M, et al. Prevalence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in substance use disorder patients: a meta-analysis and meta-regression analysis. Drug Alcohol Depend 2012;122(1-2):11-9.

11.Ercan ES, Coskunol H, Varan A, Toksoz K. Childhood attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and alcohol dependence: a 1-year follow-up. Alcohol Alcohol 2003;38(4):352-6.

12.Ozturk Y, Akay A. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and substance use disorders. Turkiye Klinikleri Child Psychiatry-Special Topics 2015;1(1):64-7. (Turkish)

13.Dogan B, Arikan Z. Adult attention deficit hyperactivity symptoms in alcohol and substance dependent people. Balıkesir Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2014;3(3):141-6. (Turkish)

14.Onal A, Ogel K, Eke C. A cross-sectional study on substance use and family characteristics of adolescents with symptoms of attention deficit and hyperactivity. Klinik Psikofarmakoloji Bülteni-Bulletin of Clinical Psychopharmacology 2011;21(3):225-31. (Turkish)

15.Amerikan Psikiyatri Birliği. Ruhsal Bozuklukların Tanısal ve Sayımsal Elkitabı. Beşinci Baskı (DSM-5). Tanı Ölçütleri Başvuru Elkitabı’ndan. çev. Köroğlu E. Hekimler Yayın Birliği. Ankara. 2014. (Turkish)

16.Subramaniam GA, Stitzer MA. Clinical characteristics of treatment-seeking prescription opioid vs. heroin-using adolescents with opioid use disorder. Drug Alcohol Depend 2009;101(1-2):13-9.

17.Levin FR, Evans SM, Kleber HD. Prevalence of adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder among cocaine abusers seeking treatment. Drug Alcohol Depend 1998;52(1):15-25.

18.Clure C, Brady KT, Saladin ME, Johnson D, Waid R, Rittenbury M. Attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder and substance use: Symptom pattern and drug choice. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 1999;25(3):441-8.

19.Ohlmeier MD, Peters K, Te Wildt BT, Zedler M, Ziegenbein M, Wiese B, et al. Comorbidity of alcohol and substance dependence with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Alcohol Alcohol 2008;43(3):300-4.

20.Haro G. Benito A. Ripoll C. Calatayud M. Añó C. French Y. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in substance dependent adults. Addictive Disorders 2009;11(4):271-7.
Online ISSN: 2636-834X
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License