E-ISSN 2636-834X
 

Original Research 


Disgust and Anxiety Sensitivity as Vulnerability Factors in Misophonia

Usha Barahmand, Maria Stalias Mantzikos, Ying Xiang, Naila Shamsina, Esther Rotlevi.

Abstract
Objective: This study was aimed at exploring the association between disgust sensitivity and misophonia. We explored the mediating mechanisms underlying this relationship by specifically examining the mediating role of components of anxiety sensitivity in this association.
Methods: Two hundred and thirteen individuals completed the online measures of disgust sensitivity, anxiety sensitivity and misophonia.
Results: The results indicated that core disgust was significantly and positively associated with misophonic distress and aggressive behavioral reactions to triggers of misophonia but failed to correlate with nonaggressive reactions to the distress elicitors. Furthermore, the social concerns component of anxiety sensitivity partly mediated the association between core disgust and misophonic distress and the cognitive concerns component of anxiety sensitivity served as a mediator in the relationship of core disgust and aggressive behavioral reactions to misophonic distress elicitors. Direct effects of core disgust on misophonic distress were also found.
Conclusions: Results highlight the significance of identifying the mechanisms that underlie the mediated paths between core disgust and emotional-behavioral features of misophonia. Findings point to a distinction between misophonia and obsessive compulsive and related disorders. Theoretical implications involving ‘not just right experiences’, sociomoral disgust and mental contamination are discussed.

Key words: misophonia, disgust, anxiety sensitivity, not-just-right experiences, mental contamination


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Barahmand U, Mantzikos MS, Xiang Y, Shamsina N, Rotlevi E. Disgust and Anxiety Sensitivity as Vulnerability Factors in Misophonia. PBS. 2023; 13(3): 166-178. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230130095513


Web Style

Barahmand U, Mantzikos MS, Xiang Y, Shamsina N, Rotlevi E. Disgust and Anxiety Sensitivity as Vulnerability Factors in Misophonia. https://www.pbsciences.org/?mno=142304 [Access: December 05, 2023]. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230130095513


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Barahmand U, Mantzikos MS, Xiang Y, Shamsina N, Rotlevi E. Disgust and Anxiety Sensitivity as Vulnerability Factors in Misophonia. PBS. 2023; 13(3): 166-178. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230130095513



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Barahmand U, Mantzikos MS, Xiang Y, Shamsina N, Rotlevi E. Disgust and Anxiety Sensitivity as Vulnerability Factors in Misophonia. PBS. (2023), [cited December 05, 2023]; 13(3): 166-178. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230130095513



Harvard Style

Barahmand, U., Mantzikos, . M. S., Xiang, . Y., Shamsina, . N. & Rotlevi, . E. (2023) Disgust and Anxiety Sensitivity as Vulnerability Factors in Misophonia. PBS, 13 (3), 166-178. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230130095513



Turabian Style

Barahmand, Usha, Maria Stalias Mantzikos, Ying Xiang, Naila Shamsina, and Esther Rotlevi. 2023. Disgust and Anxiety Sensitivity as Vulnerability Factors in Misophonia. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 13 (3), 166-178. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230130095513



Chicago Style

Barahmand, Usha, Maria Stalias Mantzikos, Ying Xiang, Naila Shamsina, and Esther Rotlevi. "Disgust and Anxiety Sensitivity as Vulnerability Factors in Misophonia." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 13 (2023), 166-178. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230130095513



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Barahmand, Usha, Maria Stalias Mantzikos, Ying Xiang, Naila Shamsina, and Esther Rotlevi. "Disgust and Anxiety Sensitivity as Vulnerability Factors in Misophonia." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 13.3 (2023), 166-178. Print. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230130095513



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Barahmand, U., Mantzikos, . M. S., Xiang, . Y., Shamsina, . N. & Rotlevi, . E. (2023) Disgust and Anxiety Sensitivity as Vulnerability Factors in Misophonia. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 13 (3), 166-178. doi:10.5455/PBS.20230130095513