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Original Research 


Comparison of socio-demographic and clinical features of bipolar patients with and without obsessive compulsive disorder

Arvin Hedayati, Ali Javadpour, Amir Bazrafshan, Arash Mani, Amin Azizi.

Abstract
Objective: Recent epidemiological studies have shown that lifetime prevalence of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) in bipolar patients range from 3.2% to 35%. Meanwhile, few studies have evaluated demographic and clinical features of bipolar disorder (BD) with OCD (BD-OCD) and BD without OCD (pure BD), and the published results of such studies have been controversial. The aim of the current study was to compare the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of BD patients with and without OCD

Methods: In a cross-sectional, simple convenient hospital-based study, 204 bipolar inpatients diagnosed based on Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) were recruited. Demographic and clinical variables were obtained by using the Yale-Brown obsessive compulsive scale, Bech-Rafaelsen Mania Scale, and Hamilton Depression scale.

Results: Out of 204 patients with BD, 123 (60.3%) patients had pure BD and 81 (39.7%) had BD-OCD. There were significant differences between BD-OCD and pure BD group in terms of education (p=0.036) and marital status (p=0.022). Of clinical features, suicidal thoughts, tendencies, and attempts (p=0.000), frequency of admission (p=0.044), history of substance abuse (p=0.001), family history of OCD (p=0.000), and family history of mood disorder (p=0.036) were significantly different between the groups.

Conclusions: Distinct demographic and clinical characteristics of bipolar patients with OCD comorbidity suggest a specific type of bipolar mood disorder which might need a different diagnostic and therapeutic management. Further longitudinal studies may assist in enhancing our knowledge in this field.

Key words: bipolar disorder, comorbidity, obsessive-compulsive disorder


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Arvin Hedayati, Ali Javadpour, Amir Bazrafshan, Arash Mani, Amin Azizi. Comparison of socio-demographic and clinical features of bipolar patients with and without obsessive compulsive disorder. PBS. 2011; 1(4): 145-151. doi:10.5455/jmood.20111227042736


Web Style

Arvin Hedayati, Ali Javadpour, Amir Bazrafshan, Arash Mani, Amin Azizi. Comparison of socio-demographic and clinical features of bipolar patients with and without obsessive compulsive disorder. https://www.pbsciences.org/?mno=14415 [Access: December 15, 2023]. doi:10.5455/jmood.20111227042736


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Arvin Hedayati, Ali Javadpour, Amir Bazrafshan, Arash Mani, Amin Azizi. Comparison of socio-demographic and clinical features of bipolar patients with and without obsessive compulsive disorder. PBS. 2011; 1(4): 145-151. doi:10.5455/jmood.20111227042736



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Arvin Hedayati, Ali Javadpour, Amir Bazrafshan, Arash Mani, Amin Azizi. Comparison of socio-demographic and clinical features of bipolar patients with and without obsessive compulsive disorder. PBS. (2011), [cited December 15, 2023]; 1(4): 145-151. doi:10.5455/jmood.20111227042736



Harvard Style

Arvin Hedayati, Ali Javadpour, Amir Bazrafshan, Arash Mani, Amin Azizi (2011) Comparison of socio-demographic and clinical features of bipolar patients with and without obsessive compulsive disorder. PBS, 1 (4), 145-151. doi:10.5455/jmood.20111227042736



Turabian Style

Arvin Hedayati, Ali Javadpour, Amir Bazrafshan, Arash Mani, Amin Azizi. 2011. Comparison of socio-demographic and clinical features of bipolar patients with and without obsessive compulsive disorder. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 1 (4), 145-151. doi:10.5455/jmood.20111227042736



Chicago Style

Arvin Hedayati, Ali Javadpour, Amir Bazrafshan, Arash Mani, Amin Azizi. "Comparison of socio-demographic and clinical features of bipolar patients with and without obsessive compulsive disorder." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 1 (2011), 145-151. doi:10.5455/jmood.20111227042736



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Arvin Hedayati, Ali Javadpour, Amir Bazrafshan, Arash Mani, Amin Azizi. "Comparison of socio-demographic and clinical features of bipolar patients with and without obsessive compulsive disorder." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 1.4 (2011), 145-151. Print. doi:10.5455/jmood.20111227042736



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Arvin Hedayati, Ali Javadpour, Amir Bazrafshan, Arash Mani, Amin Azizi (2011) Comparison of socio-demographic and clinical features of bipolar patients with and without obsessive compulsive disorder. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 1 (4), 145-151. doi:10.5455/jmood.20111227042736