E-ISSN 2636-834X
 

Review Article 


Treatment resistant bipolar disorder

Zerrin Binbay, Mustafa Solmaz, Erhan Kurt.

Abstract
Bipolar disorder (BD) is highly prevalent, chronic and heterogeneous psychiatric disorder. Defining refractory bipolar disorder is a complex problem that involves every phase of the disorder and require more clear criteria and treatment modalities. Despite over expansion in BD pharmacotherapies in the last decade we still face difficulties in treating resistant cases. Securing long term mood stabilization for resistance cases, will improve the quality of life of these patients; who are euthymic only half of their life times according to observational studies.

Key words: bipolar disorder, resistance, treatment


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zerrin Binbay, Mustafa Solmaz, Erhan Kurt. [Treatment resistant bipolar disorder]. PBS. 2015; 5(2): 69-77. Turkish. doi:10.5455/jmood.20140609090035


Web Style

Zerrin Binbay, Mustafa Solmaz, Erhan Kurt. [Treatment resistant bipolar disorder]. https://www.pbsciences.org/?mno=157593 [Access: December 15, 2023]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/jmood.20140609090035


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zerrin Binbay, Mustafa Solmaz, Erhan Kurt. [Treatment resistant bipolar disorder]. PBS. 2015; 5(2): 69-77. Turkish. doi:10.5455/jmood.20140609090035



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zerrin Binbay, Mustafa Solmaz, Erhan Kurt. [Treatment resistant bipolar disorder]. PBS. (2015), [cited December 15, 2023]; 5(2): 69-77. Turkish. doi:10.5455/jmood.20140609090035



Harvard Style

Zerrin Binbay, Mustafa Solmaz, Erhan Kurt (2015) [Treatment resistant bipolar disorder]. PBS, 5 (2), 69-77. Turkish. doi:10.5455/jmood.20140609090035



Turabian Style

Zerrin Binbay, Mustafa Solmaz, Erhan Kurt. 2015. [Treatment resistant bipolar disorder]. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 5 (2), 69-77. Turkish. doi:10.5455/jmood.20140609090035



Chicago Style

Zerrin Binbay, Mustafa Solmaz, Erhan Kurt. "[Treatment resistant bipolar disorder]." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 5 (2015), 69-77. Turkish. doi:10.5455/jmood.20140609090035



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zerrin Binbay, Mustafa Solmaz, Erhan Kurt. "[Treatment resistant bipolar disorder]." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 5.2 (2015), 69-77. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/jmood.20140609090035



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zerrin Binbay, Mustafa Solmaz, Erhan Kurt (2015) [Treatment resistant bipolar disorder]. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 5 (2), 69-77. Turkish. doi:10.5455/jmood.20140609090035