E-ISSN 2636-834X
 

Original Research 


Impairment of executive functions and memory in unaffected siblings of patients with bipolar disorder

Deniz Uluhan Yıldırım, Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Burç Çağrı Poyraz, Armağan Özdemir, Alaattin Duran.

Abstract
Objective: Neurocognitive impairments in bipolar patients as a possible endophenotype is a growing field of research. Impairments in executive functions and memory have been reported in relatives of patients with bipolar disorder, suggesting that they could be potential endophenotypes for genetic studies. In this study, neuropsychological performance in unaffected siblings of patients diagnosed as bipolar I disorder is compared to that of matched healthy controls.
Method: We evaluated 35 unaffected siblings of probands with bipolar I disorder and 35 healthy controls using tests of verbal fluency, attention, executive functions and memory. Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT), Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R) visual memory test, Stroop Colour-Word Interference test (SCWIT), Trail Making Test-A and B, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised Digit Span test, categoric verbal fluency test (Isaac SET Test) , and clock drawing tests were performed.
Results: Unaffected siblings of patients with bipolar disorder performed poorly on the RAVLT, SCWIT, forward Digit Span Test, TMT-A and B, visual recall test. Using stepwise logictic regression TMT-B alone could highly differentiate siblings from controls.
Conclusion: We found significant impairment of set shifting task measured with TMT-B in siblings of patients with BD. Our study suggests that set shifting/cognitive flexibility could be a potential cognitive endophenotype for bipolar disorder.

Key words: bipolar disorder, endophenotype, cognitive functions


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Deniz Uluhan Yıldırım, Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Burc Cağrı Poyraz, Armağan Ozdemir, Alaattin Duran. Impairment of executive functions and memory in unaffected siblings of patients with bipolar disorder. PBS. 2015; 5(1): 16-22. doi:10.5455/jmood.20141101050757


Web Style

Deniz Uluhan Yıldırım, Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Burc Cağrı Poyraz, Armağan Ozdemir, Alaattin Duran. Impairment of executive functions and memory in unaffected siblings of patients with bipolar disorder. https://www.pbsciences.org/?mno=161770 [Access: December 15, 2023]. doi:10.5455/jmood.20141101050757


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Deniz Uluhan Yıldırım, Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Burc Cağrı Poyraz, Armağan Ozdemir, Alaattin Duran. Impairment of executive functions and memory in unaffected siblings of patients with bipolar disorder. PBS. 2015; 5(1): 16-22. doi:10.5455/jmood.20141101050757



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Deniz Uluhan Yıldırım, Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Burc Cağrı Poyraz, Armağan Ozdemir, Alaattin Duran. Impairment of executive functions and memory in unaffected siblings of patients with bipolar disorder. PBS. (2015), [cited December 15, 2023]; 5(1): 16-22. doi:10.5455/jmood.20141101050757



Harvard Style

Deniz Uluhan Yıldırım, Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Burc Cağrı Poyraz, Armağan Ozdemir, Alaattin Duran (2015) Impairment of executive functions and memory in unaffected siblings of patients with bipolar disorder. PBS, 5 (1), 16-22. doi:10.5455/jmood.20141101050757



Turabian Style

Deniz Uluhan Yıldırım, Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Burc Cağrı Poyraz, Armağan Ozdemir, Alaattin Duran. 2015. Impairment of executive functions and memory in unaffected siblings of patients with bipolar disorder. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 5 (1), 16-22. doi:10.5455/jmood.20141101050757



Chicago Style

Deniz Uluhan Yıldırım, Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Burc Cağrı Poyraz, Armağan Ozdemir, Alaattin Duran. "Impairment of executive functions and memory in unaffected siblings of patients with bipolar disorder." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 5 (2015), 16-22. doi:10.5455/jmood.20141101050757



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Deniz Uluhan Yıldırım, Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Burc Cağrı Poyraz, Armağan Ozdemir, Alaattin Duran. "Impairment of executive functions and memory in unaffected siblings of patients with bipolar disorder." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 5.1 (2015), 16-22. Print. doi:10.5455/jmood.20141101050757



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Deniz Uluhan Yıldırım, Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Burc Cağrı Poyraz, Armağan Ozdemir, Alaattin Duran (2015) Impairment of executive functions and memory in unaffected siblings of patients with bipolar disorder. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 5 (1), 16-22. doi:10.5455/jmood.20141101050757