E-ISSN 2636-834X
 

Original Research 


Premenstrual symptom severity, dysmenorrhea, and school performance in medical students

Elif Oral, Tulay Kirkan, Esra Yazici, Mustafa Gulec Zeliha Cansever, Nazan Aydin.

Abstract
Objective: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) represents a significant public health problem for women and it is particularly common in younger age groups. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence, severity, and determinants of PMS and dysmenorrhea and their effects on school performance in medical students.

Method: In this study (performed at Ataturk University School of Medicine in Erzurum, Turkey), 236 students were randomly selected from 554 female medical students. The participants who agreed to participate in the study completed the Premenstrual Assessment Form (PAF), a sociodemographic form, and a questionnaire assessing school performance and other functionality areas.

Results: PMS symptom severity was as follows: 32.2% (n=76) exhibited no symptoms, but mild, moderate, and severe symptom severity were 41.9% (n=99), 20.3% (n=48), and 5.5% (n=13), respectively. Higher levels of carbohydrate and junk food consumption were related with higher premenstrual symptom scores (x=18.475, p=0.030). Of all participants, 67% had dysmenorrhea, which was significantly related with severe premenstrual symptoms (x=14.471, p=0.002) and poorer school performance.

Conclusions: Diet recommendations (e.g., eating less junk food and carbohydrates) could help young women by reducing symptoms. Because dysmenorrhea seems to be strongly related with severe premenstrual symptoms and poorer educational performance, treatment strategies (even those merely aimed at pain control) could help to improve the class attendance and exam performance of female medical students.

Key words: premenstrual symptoms, dysmenorrhea, school performance


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Elif Oral, Tulay Kirkan, Esra Yazici, Mustafa Gulec Zeliha Cansever, Nazan Aydin. Premenstrual symptom severity, dysmenorrhea, and school performance in medical students. PBS. 2012; 2(4): 143-152. doi:10.5455/jmood.20120912035016


Web Style

Elif Oral, Tulay Kirkan, Esra Yazici, Mustafa Gulec Zeliha Cansever, Nazan Aydin. Premenstrual symptom severity, dysmenorrhea, and school performance in medical students. https://www.pbsciences.org/?mno=20917 [Access: December 15, 2023]. doi:10.5455/jmood.20120912035016


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Elif Oral, Tulay Kirkan, Esra Yazici, Mustafa Gulec Zeliha Cansever, Nazan Aydin. Premenstrual symptom severity, dysmenorrhea, and school performance in medical students. PBS. 2012; 2(4): 143-152. doi:10.5455/jmood.20120912035016



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Elif Oral, Tulay Kirkan, Esra Yazici, Mustafa Gulec Zeliha Cansever, Nazan Aydin. Premenstrual symptom severity, dysmenorrhea, and school performance in medical students. PBS. (2012), [cited December 15, 2023]; 2(4): 143-152. doi:10.5455/jmood.20120912035016



Harvard Style

Elif Oral, Tulay Kirkan, Esra Yazici, Mustafa Gulec Zeliha Cansever, Nazan Aydin (2012) Premenstrual symptom severity, dysmenorrhea, and school performance in medical students. PBS, 2 (4), 143-152. doi:10.5455/jmood.20120912035016



Turabian Style

Elif Oral, Tulay Kirkan, Esra Yazici, Mustafa Gulec Zeliha Cansever, Nazan Aydin. 2012. Premenstrual symptom severity, dysmenorrhea, and school performance in medical students. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 2 (4), 143-152. doi:10.5455/jmood.20120912035016



Chicago Style

Elif Oral, Tulay Kirkan, Esra Yazici, Mustafa Gulec Zeliha Cansever, Nazan Aydin. "Premenstrual symptom severity, dysmenorrhea, and school performance in medical students." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 2 (2012), 143-152. doi:10.5455/jmood.20120912035016



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Elif Oral, Tulay Kirkan, Esra Yazici, Mustafa Gulec Zeliha Cansever, Nazan Aydin. "Premenstrual symptom severity, dysmenorrhea, and school performance in medical students." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 2.4 (2012), 143-152. Print. doi:10.5455/jmood.20120912035016



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Elif Oral, Tulay Kirkan, Esra Yazici, Mustafa Gulec Zeliha Cansever, Nazan Aydin (2012) Premenstrual symptom severity, dysmenorrhea, and school performance in medical students. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 2 (4), 143-152. doi:10.5455/jmood.20120912035016