E-ISSN 2636-834X
 

Original Research 


Factors associated with depression in patients with schizophrenia

Gülcan Balcı, Gözde Başefe Öter, Hatice Alkan Akdağ, Alper Bekki, Cebrail Kısa, Erol Göka.

Abstract
Objective: In this study, it is aimed to determine the prevalence of depression rate, socio-demographic factors related to depression and to determine the relationship between depression in schizophrenia with positive and negative symptoms, insight and antipsychotics drugs’ side effects in patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia according to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).
Method: Randomly selected 120 schizophrenia patients are examined regarding socio-demographic characteristics, obtained positive and negative symptoms, depression in schizophrenia, extrapyramidal symptoms, and insight scale scores.
Results: Depression rate in schizophrenia is found as 42.5%. Depression is related to low socioeconomic status, family history of psychosis and affective disorders, patients’ suicide history and run-in period. Also, hallucinations and delusions sub-scales, flattening, alogia, apathy and attention sub-scales, Parkinsonism sub-scale and insight levels are found directly related to depression.
Conclusions: Examining related sociodemographic factors can aid in determining depression and depression may accompany all the phases of schizophrenia. Therefore, it can be one of the basic indications of schizophrenia.

Key words: schizophrenia, depression, depressive symptoms


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Gulcan Balcı, Gozde Başefe Oter, Hatice Alkan Akdağ, Alper Bekki, Cebrail Kısa, Erol Goka. Factors associated with depression in patients with schizophrenia. PBS. 2016; 6(2): 54-62. doi:10.5455/jmood.20160328052653


Web Style

Gulcan Balcı, Gozde Başefe Oter, Hatice Alkan Akdağ, Alper Bekki, Cebrail Kısa, Erol Goka. Factors associated with depression in patients with schizophrenia. https://www.pbsciences.org/?mno=215792 [Access: December 15, 2023]. doi:10.5455/jmood.20160328052653


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Gulcan Balcı, Gozde Başefe Oter, Hatice Alkan Akdağ, Alper Bekki, Cebrail Kısa, Erol Goka. Factors associated with depression in patients with schizophrenia. PBS. 2016; 6(2): 54-62. doi:10.5455/jmood.20160328052653



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Gulcan Balcı, Gozde Başefe Oter, Hatice Alkan Akdağ, Alper Bekki, Cebrail Kısa, Erol Goka. Factors associated with depression in patients with schizophrenia. PBS. (2016), [cited December 15, 2023]; 6(2): 54-62. doi:10.5455/jmood.20160328052653



Harvard Style

Gulcan Balcı, Gozde Başefe Oter, Hatice Alkan Akdağ, Alper Bekki, Cebrail Kısa, Erol Goka (2016) Factors associated with depression in patients with schizophrenia. PBS, 6 (2), 54-62. doi:10.5455/jmood.20160328052653



Turabian Style

Gulcan Balcı, Gozde Başefe Oter, Hatice Alkan Akdağ, Alper Bekki, Cebrail Kısa, Erol Goka. 2016. Factors associated with depression in patients with schizophrenia. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 6 (2), 54-62. doi:10.5455/jmood.20160328052653



Chicago Style

Gulcan Balcı, Gozde Başefe Oter, Hatice Alkan Akdağ, Alper Bekki, Cebrail Kısa, Erol Goka. "Factors associated with depression in patients with schizophrenia." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 6 (2016), 54-62. doi:10.5455/jmood.20160328052653



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Gulcan Balcı, Gozde Başefe Oter, Hatice Alkan Akdağ, Alper Bekki, Cebrail Kısa, Erol Goka. "Factors associated with depression in patients with schizophrenia." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 6.2 (2016), 54-62. Print. doi:10.5455/jmood.20160328052653



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Gulcan Balcı, Gozde Başefe Oter, Hatice Alkan Akdağ, Alper Bekki, Cebrail Kısa, Erol Goka (2016) Factors associated with depression in patients with schizophrenia. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 6 (2), 54-62. doi:10.5455/jmood.20160328052653