E-ISSN 2636-834X
 

Original Research 


Temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with chronic pain disorders

Derya Adali Aker, Samet Kose, Mustafa Solmaz, Zeynep Ezgi Bal, Ercan Akin.

Abstract
Objective: It is known that a complex relationship is present between chronic pain and personality. In this study, we aimed to compare the clinical features and personality traits of patients with Chronic Pain Disorder (CPD) and healthy controls. We hypothesized that Harm Avoidance (HA) scores would be higher and predictive of compared to healthy controls.

Methods: This study was conducted in outpatients with CPD who presented to the Bagcilar Training and Research Hospital’s Outpatient Psychiatry Clinic. The sample was comprised of 60 outpatients (53 women, 7 men) who complained of chronic pain for at least 3 months and were not under any medication treatments. The control group comprised of 60 healthy controls (49 women, 11 men). Semi-structured sociodemographic data form, Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were administered to the participants. All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS for Windows, Version 23.0.

Results: Impulsiveness subscale of Novelty Seeking; Harm Avoidance and its subscales of Anticipatory worry, Fear of uncertainty, Shyness with strangers, and Fatigability and asthenia scores were significantly higher in CPD patients compared to the control group. Harm Avoidance and its subscales of Anticipatory worry, Fear of uncertainty, Shyness with strangers, and Fatigability and asthenia scores were significantly positively correlated with the BDI, BAI, and VAS scores. When VAS scores were entered as the dependent variable and age and gender were controlled in regression analysis, Harm Avoidance was significantly predictive of VAS scores.

Conclusion: Temperament and character traits of the CPD patients were significantly different from the healthy control subjects. HA scores were higher and predictive of CPD compared to healthy controls.

Key words: chronic pain, personality, temperament and character inventory (TCI)


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Derya Adali Aker
Articles by Samet Kose
Articles by Mustafa Solmaz
Articles by Zeynep Ezgi Bal
Articles by Ercan Akin
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Derya Adali Aker, Samet Kose, Mustafa Solmaz, Zeynep Ezgi Bal, Ercan Akin. Temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with chronic pain disorders. PBS. 2017; 7(1): 1-9. doi:10.5455/jmood.20170214015249


Web Style

Derya Adali Aker, Samet Kose, Mustafa Solmaz, Zeynep Ezgi Bal, Ercan Akin. Temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with chronic pain disorders. https://www.pbsciences.org/?mno=258453 [Access: December 04, 2023]. doi:10.5455/jmood.20170214015249


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Derya Adali Aker, Samet Kose, Mustafa Solmaz, Zeynep Ezgi Bal, Ercan Akin. Temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with chronic pain disorders. PBS. 2017; 7(1): 1-9. doi:10.5455/jmood.20170214015249



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Derya Adali Aker, Samet Kose, Mustafa Solmaz, Zeynep Ezgi Bal, Ercan Akin. Temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with chronic pain disorders. PBS. (2017), [cited December 04, 2023]; 7(1): 1-9. doi:10.5455/jmood.20170214015249



Harvard Style

Derya Adali Aker, Samet Kose, Mustafa Solmaz, Zeynep Ezgi Bal, Ercan Akin (2017) Temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with chronic pain disorders. PBS, 7 (1), 1-9. doi:10.5455/jmood.20170214015249



Turabian Style

Derya Adali Aker, Samet Kose, Mustafa Solmaz, Zeynep Ezgi Bal, Ercan Akin. 2017. Temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with chronic pain disorders. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 7 (1), 1-9. doi:10.5455/jmood.20170214015249



Chicago Style

Derya Adali Aker, Samet Kose, Mustafa Solmaz, Zeynep Ezgi Bal, Ercan Akin. "Temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with chronic pain disorders." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 7 (2017), 1-9. doi:10.5455/jmood.20170214015249



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Derya Adali Aker, Samet Kose, Mustafa Solmaz, Zeynep Ezgi Bal, Ercan Akin. "Temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with chronic pain disorders." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 7.1 (2017), 1-9. Print. doi:10.5455/jmood.20170214015249



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Derya Adali Aker, Samet Kose, Mustafa Solmaz, Zeynep Ezgi Bal, Ercan Akin (2017) Temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with chronic pain disorders. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 7 (1), 1-9. doi:10.5455/jmood.20170214015249