E-ISSN 2636-834X
 

Original Research 


The Effects of Mastectomy and Post-Mastectomy Reconstructive Surgery of Breast-cancer Patients on their Depression, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy Beliefs

Zehra Kanmaz, Osman Tolga Aricak.

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to draw a comparison between patients diagnosed with breast-cancer and had mastectomy and post-mastectomy reconstructive operation with respect to their depression, self-esteem and self-efficacy belief scores against the scores of a healthy control group having no breast cancer history. METHODS: A cross-sectional and correlational research design was implemented. Research sample consists of 240 women. Participants were 75 mastectomy patients, and 32 post-mastectomy reconstructive surgery patients after being diagnosed with breast cancer, and 133 healthy women. In data collection, Personal Information Form, General Self-efficacy Scale, Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory and Beck Depression Inventory have been utilized. Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis H and Spearman Rho correlation techniques were used to analyze data. RESULTS: Data revealed that mastectomy patients’ depression level was higher than patients who had post-mastectomy reconstructive operation and control group. It was also identified that compared to patients having post-mastectomy reconstructive operation and control group, mastectomy patients had low levels of self-esteem and self-efficacy beliefs. CONCLUSIONS: It was then concluded that with respect to depression, self-esteem and self-efficacy levels, the best treatment was a combination of chemotherapy+hormonal therapy and surgery.

Key words: cancer, depression, mastectomy, reconstructive surgery, self-esteem, self-efficacy


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Zehra Kanmaz
Articles by Osman Tolga Aricak
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kanmaz Z, Aricak OT, . The Effects of Mastectomy and Post-Mastectomy Reconstructive Surgery of Breast-cancer Patients on their Depression, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy Beliefs . PBS. 2019; 9(3): 119-127. doi:10.5455/PBS.20190624053105


Web Style

Kanmaz Z, Aricak OT, . The Effects of Mastectomy and Post-Mastectomy Reconstructive Surgery of Breast-cancer Patients on their Depression, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy Beliefs . https://www.pbsciences.org/?mno=53961 [Access: December 04, 2023]. doi:10.5455/PBS.20190624053105


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kanmaz Z, Aricak OT, . The Effects of Mastectomy and Post-Mastectomy Reconstructive Surgery of Breast-cancer Patients on their Depression, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy Beliefs . PBS. 2019; 9(3): 119-127. doi:10.5455/PBS.20190624053105



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kanmaz Z, Aricak OT, . The Effects of Mastectomy and Post-Mastectomy Reconstructive Surgery of Breast-cancer Patients on their Depression, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy Beliefs . PBS. (2019), [cited December 04, 2023]; 9(3): 119-127. doi:10.5455/PBS.20190624053105



Harvard Style

Kanmaz, Z., Aricak, O. T. & (2019) The Effects of Mastectomy and Post-Mastectomy Reconstructive Surgery of Breast-cancer Patients on their Depression, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy Beliefs . PBS, 9 (3), 119-127. doi:10.5455/PBS.20190624053105



Turabian Style

Kanmaz, Zehra, Osman Tolga Aricak, and . 2019. The Effects of Mastectomy and Post-Mastectomy Reconstructive Surgery of Breast-cancer Patients on their Depression, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy Beliefs . Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 9 (3), 119-127. doi:10.5455/PBS.20190624053105



Chicago Style

Kanmaz, Zehra, Osman Tolga Aricak, and . "The Effects of Mastectomy and Post-Mastectomy Reconstructive Surgery of Breast-cancer Patients on their Depression, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy Beliefs ." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 9 (2019), 119-127. doi:10.5455/PBS.20190624053105



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kanmaz, Zehra, Osman Tolga Aricak, and . "The Effects of Mastectomy and Post-Mastectomy Reconstructive Surgery of Breast-cancer Patients on their Depression, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy Beliefs ." Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 9.3 (2019), 119-127. Print. doi:10.5455/PBS.20190624053105



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kanmaz, Z., Aricak, O. T. & (2019) The Effects of Mastectomy and Post-Mastectomy Reconstructive Surgery of Breast-cancer Patients on their Depression, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy Beliefs . Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 9 (3), 119-127. doi:10.5455/PBS.20190624053105